Sugar (sucrose) can be produced from sugar beet or sugar cane. Sugar beet is a root crop and grows in moderate and subtropical climates, mainly in France, Germany, Russia and the USA. Sugar is a very heavily regulated market in Europe. Cane sugar accounts for a small minority of the total sugar and isoglucose availability in Europe. In the global sugar market the situation is the reverse, with cane sugar playing the dominant role accounting for around 80% of total production.